He and his fellow leaders knew that the British and American linear minds moved from claiming the land, to colonization and exploitation of natural resources. They knew their own process was one of native logic and inclusiveness -- involving the flora and fauna and native communal values and relationships. Thus, the Indians were acting on a different system than either the U. Choosing the British as an ally was difficult at best, but the future of native North American hung in the balance. Tecumseh preached his confederation and alliance point-of-view to various tribes, arguing that, in the big picture, an Indian confederation held the hope of stopping U.
He gained respect in almost every case, and many followers, although the Choctaws stood firmly for neutrality. In , when Tecumseh was in the South, a group of natives led by Tenskwatawa, attacked U. The battle was a draw, but the U. Following the Tippecanoe defeat, Tecumseh realized even more how important it was for a British alliance.
During the war, the Indian nations fought more than forty battles and skirmishes against the U. In southern Canada, pro-British and pro-U. Iroquois found themselves fighting each other, but in most engagements, the native forces fought alongside the British. They were key to the British success at both Detroit and Queenston; at the Battle of Beaver dams native warriors, with no help from their British counterparts, defeated the Americans, taking prisoners of war.
Although the Creek War of is not normally viewed as a part of the War of , Creek resistance to the U. Army in the south led to a series of battles that eventually crushed Indian military power in that region. Perhaps the most significant battle took place in in Canada.
Tecumseh and his warriors, deserted by the British forces, faced a pursuing army of Americans led by William Henry Harrison at the Battle of the Thames. As this confrontation became certain, Tecumseh promised his warriors that there would be no retreat. This battle, he felt, must be won in order to stop American westward expansion in all areas.
Creek War of 1813-14
But Tecumseh was mortally wounded, and his death and defeat marked the end of the native campaign to drive back white settlers. On a larger scale, the American victory cleared the way for the U. After the War of , the U. Other native resistance movements sprang up, including the Black Hawk War of and the Second Seminole War to , but neither affected so many different Indian nations as did the War of Both the war and the treaty that ended it proved to be devastating to all of the eastern Indian nations.
Andrew Jackson 1767-1845 A brief biography
The Ghent agreement halted U. This facsimile reproduction of the original provides a full and sympathetic account of the Indians' point of view, from the earliest visit of the great Shawnee chief Tecumseh to the southern tribes in , through the buildup of apprehension and hostilities leading to the fateful battles at Burnt Corn, Fort Mims, and Holy Ground. Halbert and Ball provide their readers with a remarkably full, generally sympathetic, and altogether indispensable account of the Indians' point of view in the 'Red Stick War.
The book is strongest on the origins of the war among the Creeks and on the first events in Mississippi territory.
Creek War of | Encyclopedia of Alabama
Their concern with people and the practical problems of the white pioneers on a violent frontier has wide appeal to readers. Join Our Mailing List. The Creek War of and , The Creek War of and , , , , , , , The Creek War of and , , , , ,. Halbert and T. Ball, edited by Frank L.
Owsley, Jr. Quality Paper Library of Alabama Classics Series. Browse this Book on Google.
- Starter Packs: A Strategy to Fight Hunger in Developing Countries? (Cabi Publishing)?
- Historical Linguistics 1995: Selected Papers from the 12th International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Manchester, August 1995, Volume 1: General Issues and Non-Germanic Languages!
- Singularities in boundary value problems (Recherches en mathématiques appliquées).
- Tumor Ablation: Principles and Practice.